clean your hair more often
A good way to clean your scalp is washing your hair more often. It may seem intuitive, but it’s important to wash your hair frequently with a mild shampoo and an anti-dandruff shampoo on the days that you don’t wash your hair. Keeping the scalp clean helps prevent dandruff buildup. When washing, use fingertips in a circular motion to help remove any flakes that have accumulated on your scalp in addition to using an antidandruff shampoo. Using a soft brush can also be useful in removing dandruff.
use an antidandruff shampoo
There are many antidandruff shampoos on the market that contain ingredients that loosen dandruff. The most common include salicylic acid, coal tar, selenium sulfide, zinc pyrithione, and ketoconazole. These products are safe for daily use and can be purchased over-the-counter at your local pharmacy or grocery store. You can also find an anti-dandruff shampoo in your favorite fragrance with a little bit of research online.
After wetting your hair, apply the shampoo to your scalp and gently rub it in with your fingers using a circular motion for about a minute before thoroughly rinsing it off with warm water. You should use an antidandruff shampoo every time you wash your hair. To help clear up stubborn flakes, leave the product on your head for five minutes before washing it out. Then rinse thoroughly with warm water until all traces of shampoo have been removed from the scalp and hair follicles—otherwise you could experience irritation or itchiness if any excess remains on the skin after rinsing.
If a certain hair product (such as hairspray) irritates your scalp, don’t use it.
It could be that certain hair products are irritating your scalp and causing you to produce more oil, which in turn causes the overproduction of skin cells. This leads to a buildup of dead skin cells on your scalp.
If this is the case, look for an alternative hairdo that doesn’t irritate your scalp as much. You can also try one of the antidandruff shampoos on the market, which contain ingredients that help reduce irritation and dryness.
Avoid scratching your scalp.
The desire to scratch your scalp can be intense, especially if you have a bad case of dandruff. But scratching your head may make the problem worse. If you have an existing infection, scratching can introduce more germs and oils into your hair follicles, making it more difficult to heal. If a wound on your scalp is opened due to excessive irritation, it may become susceptible to infection as well.
To avoid scratching:
- Comb through your hair with a wide-tooth comb or brush once a day.
- Wear loose clothing and hats or headbands around your house (if you’re not wearing one already).
try these things to get rid of dandruff
- Clean your hair more frequently. Dandruff is caused by irritated, oily skin on your scalp, and frequent shampooing can help lower the amount of oil on your scalp. If you don’t regularly wash your hair, try to start doing so every day or every other day.
- Use an antidandruff shampoo. Over-the-counter dandruff shampoos use a variety of ingredients to help reduce the presence of dandruff flakes, including salicylic acid (a beta hydroxy acid used as an acne medication), selenium sulfide (which kills off yeast that causes inflammation), pyrithione zinc (which stops fungus growth), and ketoconazole (an antifungal). These shampoos may be labeled as “medicated” or “antidandruff.” Massage one into your hair while it’s wet in the shower. Then let it sit for several minutes before rinsing it out completely. It may take up to 8 weeks before you see a difference in the amount of flaking.
- Avoid scratching your scalp. This can irritate the skin further and make dandruff worse. Try not to scratch at all—even if it feels tempting! If you do scratch, though, avoid breaking open any sores left behind from scratching as that could lead to infection.
- Avoid products that irritate your scalp. Many different things can cause irritation on the scalp or increase itchiness that makes dandruff worse, including alcohol-based styling products, harsh detergents in laundry soaps and shampoos, scented recreational activities like swimming in a chlorinated pool or prolonged exposure to sea water, stress, and seasonal changes. Talk with a dermatologist about common causes of irritation so you know what might trigger an outbreak for you personally; then try to avoid those things whenever possible!